Recommend a more detailed analysis of the article, I hope to help you OFweek Industry Research Center: The evolution path of the robot 2.0 era Summary: Robot is a multi-joint manipulator or multi-degree-of-freedom robot oriented to the industrial field. A robot is a mechanical device that performs tasks automatically. It is a machine that realizes various functions by its own power and control capabilities. In other words, the current robot is just a manipulator or manipulator that can be repeatedly programmed and has multiple functions and multiple degrees of freedom.
It is just a special mechanical device that replaces human work in professional applications. In fact, we can call this type of robot a traditional industrial robot, that is, the first generation of industrial robots. What robots can do in the 2.0 era In terms of intelligence, robots have two attributes, one is the attribute of a machine, and the other is the attribute of a person. The first generation of robots, or robots in the traditional sense, are more oriented towards machine attributes, that is, as a dedicated machine to replace human work, mainly to expand human muscle functions and do some physical work, such as handling, yardage Stacking, welding, spraying, assembling and other heavy, tedious, tedious tasks that require human labor.
In addition, there is another type of robot that performs environmental monitoring and accident emergency treatment and disposal tasks on behalf of humans in complex working environments such as high temperature, high pressure, toxic and explosive. The first-generation robots have a common feature. They often only work in a structured working environment, that is, they can only do some programmed, repetitive, and prescriptive work under pre-programmed conditions. From the perspective of function implementation, most robots now lack environmental perception systems, visual functions, force sense functions, and no tactile functions, just like people without eyes or nervous systems. They cannot feel the real-time changes in the external environment.
Communicate and communicate well with the outside world, and therefore cannot adapt to autonomous work in complex unstructured environments and spaces. In addition, at the level of flexibility and dexterity operation, the robot’s working ability needs to be further improved, especially in the assembly and production of consumer electronics products such as smart phones, notebook computers and tablet computers. On the one hand, the existing robot products cannot meet the technical requirements of the above-mentioned new fields in terms of accuracy and performance; on the other hand, as the life cycle of 3C consumer electronics manufacturing products is getting shorter, Flexible production and flexible manufacturing also demand higher requirements. Safety is also one of the most important issues for robots.
At present, most robots work inside fences and are isolated from humans. In the future, robotics will need to solve the problem of human-machine collaboration, especially in terms of how to ensure human safety. In terms of human-robot collaboration, a large number of human-robot collaboration robot products have appeared on the market, such as ABB dual-arm robot YuMi, KUKA’s iiwa robot, and Fanuc’s green robots. This type of robot generally has safety functions. It will stop working immediately when it detects someone’s touch, and will be deftly avoided by human’s thrust. However, most of the robots currently maturely applied in factories are not yet able to interact naturally with humans, and rely more on tools and methods such as programming and keyboards. From the evolution path, the new generation of robots will move from “traditional robots” to “modern robots” and move towards human-machine interaction, human-machine communication, and human-machine integration.
Development Trends of Robot Intelligent Technology From the perspective of development trends, the intelligence of robots will go through three different stages of computational intelligence, perceptual intelligence, and cognitive intelligence. The first is the stage of computational intelligence. Computational intelligence mainly refers to the fact that machines can have super strong memory and super fast computing capabilities. This stage begins with the birth of computers. The second is the cognitive intelligence stage.
At present, robotic intelligence technology has entered this stage. Finally, from cognitive intelligence to cognitive intelligence, the problem of how to let the machine learn by itself must be solved. OFweek Industry Research Center analyst Pan Wei believes that, for the time being, the most important thing is to develop perceptual intelligence, that is, the large-scale application of sensors, to realize the interconnection of machines and people, robots and the environment through the Internet of Things technology, thereby improving the robot’s Ability to sense jobs online. To achieve the cognitive intelligence function of the robot, that is, the machine can think and understand itself, this goal has a long way to go. In the realization of this process, the development of next-generation information technology and artificial intelligence technologies including big data, cloud computing and mobile Internet will play a very key role.